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Ages: Grades 10 through 12Testing Time: 3 minutesAdministration: Individual or group
The Test of Silent Reading Efficiency and Comprehension (TOSREC) is a brief, group- or individually administered test of reading that assesses silent reading of connected text for comprehension. The test can be used for screening and progress monitoring, with multiple forms available at each grade level to facilitate progress monitoring. The test can also be used by clinicians and researchers as a brief test of reading comprehension.
Description of the TOSREC
The TOSREC has four test forms. It was normed on a nationally-representative sample of 3,523 individuals.
The TOSREC measures silent reading efficiency (i.e., speed and accuracy) and comprehension. Respondents are given 3 minutes to read and verify the truthfulness of as many sentences as possible.
For each grade level, Form A was normed in the fall, Form B in the winter, and Form C in the spring. This provides norms specific to the time in the school year the TOSREC is administered. An Optional Form O is available for use anytime throughout the year. The TOSREC provides raw scores, indexes (a type of standard score), and percentiles. It can be administered by classroom teachers, reading coaches, special education teachers, school psychologists, speech and language therapists, and other professionals who have received some training in standardized test administration. The test can be group-administered to a classroom or other groupings of students or adults, and it can also be administered individually.
The TOSREC provides five advantages over oral reading fluency tests for screening and progress monitoring because of its format of reading connected text silently for comprehension.
Aspects of Reading Measured by the TOSREC
The TOSREC measures the efficiency with which connected text can be read silently for comprehension. As such, it provides a snapshot of an individual's ability to perform the end product of actually comprehending print, as opposed to measuring only a single component of reading such as word-level decoding or fluent word recognition. The TOSREC requires fluent recognition of printed words, ability to process grade-level appropriate sentence structure, knowledge of grade-level-appropriate vocabulary, adequate working memory capacity to process realistic sentences, the ability to make appropriate inferences, and possession of relevant background knowledge.
Uses of the TOSREC
The TOSREC was designed for multiple purposes including efficient and cost-effective (a) screening for the identification of poor readers, (b) group progress monitoring of all readers, and (c) assessment by clinicians and researchers of silent reading of connected text for comprehension.
EACH COMPLETE TOSREC KIT INCLUDES: Examiners Manual with Scoring Keys CD, 25 Profile Record Forms, and 25 each of Student Response Booklets Form A, Form B, Form C, and Form O, all in a sturdy storage box. ©2010
TOSREC for Other Grades: