Assess receptive spoken language with Elizabeth Carrow-Woolfolk's time honored standard!
Ages: 3-0 through 12-11Testing Time: 20 to 30 minutesAdministration: Individual
The Test for Auditory Comprehension of Language-Fourth Edition (TACL-4) is the latest revision of this popular, individually administered test. It is a reliable and valid measure of a child's receptive spoken vocabulary, grammar, and syntax. The test measures children's ability to understand three language forms:
The TACL-4 was co-normed with and is a companion to the Test of Expressive Language (TEXL; Carrow-Woolfolk & Allen, 2014). While the TACL-4 measures a child's receptive language ability the TEXL measures a child's expressive language ability. Clinicians who have given both TACL-4 and TEXL to the same child can combine these scores to obtain a comprehensive measure of language ability across linguistic features (semantics, morphology, and syntax) as well as overall oral language ability using the reproducible TACL-4/TEXL Summary Form. This form is found in TACL-4 / TEXL Comprehensive Scoring Supplement. The TACL-4/TEXL Summary Form provides space to record TACL-4 and TEXL scores, calculate additional composite scores, conduct receptive-expressive discrepancy analyses, and profile these scores. These scores provide comprehensive information on oral language skills comparable to scores derived from the Test of Language Development- Primary, Fourth Edition (TOLD-P:4; Newcomer & Hammill, 2008), Test of Language Development- Intermediate, Fourth Edition (TOLD-I:4; Hammill & Newcomer, 2008), Oral and Written Language Scales, Second Edition (OWLS-II; Elizabeth Carrow-Woolfolk, 2011), Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamentals, Fifth Edition (CELF-5; Semel, Wiig, & Secord, 2013), and the Comprehensive Assessment of Spoken Language (Carrow-Woolfolk, 2008).
New Features in the Fourth Edition
Description of TACL-4
Each item is composed of a word or sentence and a corresponding picture plate that has three full-color drawings. One of the three pictures for each item illustrates the meaning of the word, morpheme, or syntactic structure being tested. The other two pictures illustrate either two semantic or grammatical contrasts to the stimulus, or one contrast and one decoy. The examiner reads the stimulus aloud, and the subject is directed to point to the picture that he or she believes best represents the meaning of the word, phrase, or sentence spoken by the examiner. No oral response is required on the part of the subject.
The TACL-4 test items are ordered according to difficulty within each of the three subtests. Entry points, basal and ceiling rules for scoring are provided for each subtest. The Examiner's Manual includes a comprehensive discussion of the test's theoretical and research-based foundation, item development, standardization, administration and scoring procedures, norms tables, and guidelines for using and interpreting the test's results. Reliability and validity studies were conducted out with individuals with normal language abilities and individuals who had previously been diagnosed with learning disabilities, ADHD, deaf/hard of hearing, articulation disorder, language impairment, Autism spectrum disorder, intellectual disorder as well as those who have been identified as gifted and talented.
TACL-4 coefficients alpha range between .94 and .96 for the subtests and is .97 for the Receptive Language Index. Average correlations with popular criterion measures of receptive language ability range from .67 to .71. Studies of diagnostic accuracy as it relates to sensitivity (median = .77), specificity (median =.84), classification accuracy (median = .80), and receiver operating characteristic/area under the curve (median = .88) are reported.
Note: We have recently discovered a printing error in the TACL-4 Examiner’s Manual on page 14, the sample protocol cover. The percentile rank for Grammatical Morphemes should read 37, not 25 as printed. We sincerely apologize for any inconvenience the error may have caused. If you have further questions, please contact the Test Development Department by e-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Complete TACL-4 Kit includes: Examiner's Manual, Picture Book, 25 Examiner Record Booklets, Critical Reviews and Research Findings for TACL: 19652013, and TACL-4/TEXL Comprehensive Scoring Supplement, all in a sturdy storage box. (©2014)
TACL-4 / TEXL Comprehensive Scoring Supplement
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